There are three types of criminal law: misdemeanors, felonies, and infractions. Which equal: substantive criminal law, procedural criminal law, and criminal law enforcement.
Substantive criminal law is the body of law that defines crimes and establishes punishments. This area of law deals with the elements of a crime, the defenses to a crime, and the penalties for committing a crime.
Procedural criminal law is the body of law that governs how crimes are investigated and prosecuted. This area of law includes rules on how evidence is collected and presented in court, how suspects are arrested and questioned, and how cases are tried.
Criminal law enforcement is the branch of government that is responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes. This branch includes police departments, district attorneys’ offices, and courts.
These are crimes against persons:
- Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being with malice aforethought.
- First-degree murder is murder that is planned and premeditated.
- Second-degree murder is murder that does not meet the requirements for first-degree murder, such as a killing that occurs during the commission of a felony.
- Manslaughter is the unlawful killing of another without malice aforethought.
- Rape is non-consensual sexual intercourse accomplished by force or threat of force.
- Sexual assault is any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the recipient.
- Aggravated sexual assault is sexual assault that involves the use of a weapon, causes serious bodily injury, or is perpetrated against a child.
- Kidnapping is the unlawful abduction or restraint of another person.
- Robbery is taking something from another person by force or threat of force.
- Burglary is entering a structure unlawfully with intent to commit a felony inside.
- Carjacking is seizing control of an occupied car by force or threat of force.
- Extortion is obtaining something of value through the use of threats or intimidation.
There is no universal answer to this question as the punishment for each criminal law crime can vary depending on the jurisdiction. However, some general punishments that may be given for criminal law crimes include imprisonment, probation, community service, and fines. Contact Bordner Law to help answer your questions.
There is no easy answer as to whether or not it is a good idea to represent oneself in a criminal trial. On one hand, there are many benefits to being your own lawyer, including knowing the case inside and out and being able to control the proceedings. On the other hand, defendants without legal training may not be aware of all the relevant legal arguments and evidence that could be used in their defense, which could lead to a less favorable outcome. In the end, it is up to each individual defendant to decide whether or not self-representation is the right decision for them.
Bail is a sum of money paid to a court in order to secure the release of an arrested person. The purpose of bail is to ensure that the accused will appear in court when required. In most cases, bail is set by a judge and must be paid in full. However, in some cases a defendant may be released on their own recognizance (or “O.R.”), meaning they do not have to pay bail but must still appear in court when required.
If you have been arrested and need to post bail, you will need to contact a criminal lawyer. Your lawyer can help you negotiate with the court and may be able to get your bail reduced or waived altogether.
This is a difficult question to answer without knowing all of the facts of your case. You should speak with an experienced criminal defense attorney to get advice specific to your situation. Contact Bordner Law.
A grand jury is a group of citizens convened to hear evidence in criminal cases. The prosecutor presents evidence to the grand jury, who then decides whether or not to issue an indictment, or formal charge, against the defendant. The grand jury typically meets one day a week for several months.
An arraignment is a hearing that takes place before a judge in which the defendant is informed of the charges against them and asked to plead guilty or not guilty. The defendant may also be assigned a lawyer at this point. The judge will also set bail and schedule future court dates.
Yes. Your criminal law lawyer can request a copy of your criminal record from the police or other law enforcement agency that compiled it.
If you are suspected of or charged with a crime, you will need a criminal lawyer to represent you in court. A criminal lawyer can help you by:
- Advising you of your rights
- Negotiating with the prosecutor
- Representing you in court
A criminal lawyer can help you by providing you with legal representation if you are charged with a crime. They can also advise you on your rights and how to best defend yourself against the charges. If you are convicted of a crime, a criminal lawyer can also help you to navigate the criminal justice system and may be able to negotiate a lesser sentence for you.